A watershed is defined as a piece of land containing feeder tributaries and other smaller water bodies that eventually merge and drain into one big body of water like a lake or into an ocean. The watershed area can be a small space or it can extend to cover a huge area such as the size of a small province. For instance, the Amazon River or the Mississippi river watershed.
Watersheds are part and parcel of the process known as the water cycle as it is where the rain water stands to evaporate and rise up after condensing to go on and form rain clouds. The clouds will eventually get heavy and fall down back to the watershed as rainfall.
In some texts you will find the name ‘hydrologic units’ used to also refer to a watershed. Some other folks like to refer to a watershed as being a drainage basin or a water catchment area. Another yet important terminology our readers should know about goes by the name of drainage divide. A drainage divide is a place joined by two separate hills.
Some of the water in a watershed region is going to percolate and filter into the soil and it will sip to the water table levels. The process whereby water gets filtered as it makes it way to the water table is crucially important because it leads to the sanitation of the water by helping to remove off any bacteria’s, viruses and other pathogens too.
Importance of Protecting Our Watersheds
It is imperative to remind all of our readers of the brazen fact that not all soils in the various watersheds are the same. No, if anything, each area happens to have its own unique soil types which comes with their own chemical properties. Some soils namely the sandy type of soil have a tendency to allow more water to filter through and percolate to the lower levels – finally making its way into the water table. Once you have a better understanding of the soils in your locales you will be in a much better position to plan and strategize on means and ways with which to tackle pollution effects and conserve your watersheds.
Understanding the importance of watersheds is necessary because it is only after we recognize them that we can be able to protect them from pollution and its devastating effects. It is quite easy to picture just how much the eventual quality of the water flowing in our rivers, streams and in our ponds will be adversely affected when the area surrounding a watershed is filled with pollutants.
Pollutants come in many different shapes and forms and they all succeed in spoiling and harming the water we intent on using on our farms to irrigate our crops with and also for quenching the thirsts of our animals and ourselves too.
Most Run Off Water Contains Harmful Substances & Chemicals
Now what happens is that once the rain or the snow falls down, then the runway water is going to go flowing along as it picks up pollutants like soil, plastics and chemical substances and they will eventually be deposited in our water sources. In order for us to be able to do away with those polluting substances, we are prompted to go out of our ways and add all sorts of sanitizing substances. For instance, Chlorine to return the water to levels that are not harmful in any way to our health and wellness.
Using chemicals and the other water purification substances and methods to make water cleaner and safer for drinking is obviously going to end up costing us some money. Money which by the way has become a really hard commodity to come by owing to the sad states of our global economies. Be wise and be smart by making sure you have a relatively pollution free watershed region to ensure you get water that is not quite as polluted and as harmful to the crops on your farm, to your animals or even to you personally once you consume it.
Many persons have even switched to using water softeners in order to better treat their incoming water – but in reality this is actually adding extra sodium into the water. This extra salinity is causing the cost of treating out water to go up, which is certainly not good for tax payers either.
Community Mobilization Really Works Wonders & Magic
It is actually true what the wise people say when they talk about us being the change we want to see in the world. It is no secret that unless we are going to take special care and caution to clean out the pollutants lying in the way or in the path of the water in the watersheds, then we shall only be compounding the problem of pollution making it much worse than it is now.
What will happen is that once the polluted water is allowed to continue flowing and moving as it makes its way to their final destination places such as in the oceans and in the lakes, then we shall most certain need a much bigger workload in cleaning up the much larger water bodies.
Make a real difference in the world today and start doing what is right to the universe and to the planet. One good you can do would be to mobilize members of your community and get them to clean up any plastics and debris that will most definitely pollute your water ways.
Fighting For a Greener, More-Sustainable Future
On the other hand, if you do happen to be a real advocate of change for the better, then we highly recommend you work in collaboration with other environmentalists to fully ensure that all of the local factories and industries in your areas and locales are not going to be releasing and dumping their harmful chemical products and wastes into the watersheds or into the water bodies themselves.
In conclusion, we are going to leave you with the message that it is really easy and tremendously satisfying to do something that ends up having a larger than life reverberating effect on others around you and to the future generations as well. Start from and in no time you will be surprised to learn just how big you will have grown in your watershed conservation attempts and pursuits.
In case you get stuck somewhere on your path towards making the world a much better place by protecting your adjacent watersheds, then don’t panic or dare fret for a single moment. Reason being, you can always get the help and the solutions you seek easily by going online and using resource hubs like YouTube and by reading eco-blogs you will surely get all the answers and help you want. Keep it here for more news, info and updates related to watersheds.